An underwater-camera network described as “the world's largest ocean wildlife monitoring system” is being set up by the UK government in the majority of its Overseas Territories (UKOTs), which cover vast areas of the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Southern Oceans.
The deployment is being funded under the government’s Blue Belt programme, which covers more than 1.5 million square miles of ocean, according to the Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS).
The centre’s scientists are working with the territories, the University of Western Australia and fish-counting body Blue Abacus to set up 66 “non-intrusive” Baited Remote Underwater Video Stations or BRUVS in open-ocean and coastal habitats, and analyse data collected from them.
The carbon-fibre BRUVs are stationary and “stereo”, consisting of two cameras on a frame located to enable lengths and distances to be calculated. A commonly used fish-surveying tool, they record both species attracted to the fish-bait they hold, and those that simply swim past.
Together the BRUVS will form the “Global Ocean Wildlife Analysis Network”, providing data on ocean biodiversity and ecosystems in the seas around Anguilla, Ascension Island, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Montserrat, Pitcairn, St Helena and Tristan da Cunha.
Overseas territories not included in the programme are Bermuda, Gibraltar, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands and Turks & Caicos.
The data accumulated is expected to enable scientists and the UKOTs to set benchmarks for diversity and species abundance, with improved information particularly on migratory species informing decisions about protection and management.